Black Uhuru is a Jamaican reggae group. It was formed in Waterhouse district of Kingston, Jamaica in 1972. The group was initially known as Uhuru (Swahili for 'freedom') with the members: Garth Dennis, Don Carlos, and Derrick "Duckie" Simpson. The group went to numerous line-up changes over the years. Black Uhuru began working with Sly & Robbie, and recorded several of their successful singles which include "General Penitentiary" (a re-recording of Rose's "Guess Who's Coming to Dinner"), and "Shine Eye Gal" which feature the guest guitarist Keith Richards. The group's second album "Showcase". They planned to record an album with producer Dennis Brown but this didn't happen. But two singles, "Wood for My Fire" and "Rent Man" was released. In 1980, the group were signed by Island Records who issued the "Sinsemilla" album to an international market in 1981. The follow-up album "Red" reached number 28 spot in the UK Albums Chart in 1981, Chill Out reached number 38 rangkings a year later and Black Uhuru toured with The Rolling Stones. In 1989, their album "Red" was ranked #23 by Rolling Stone magazine' in their 100 greatest albums of the 1980s. The group next studio album "Anthem" seen in 1984 and win the first ever Grammy Award for Best Reggae Album in the succeeding year. They had their most successful UK multiples that year with "What is Life?" that reached number 1 spot in the UK Singles Chart.